Rudova Yulia Vladimirovna, Candidate of philological sciences, associate professor, sub-department of foreign languages with a course of Latin, Volgograd State Medical University (1 Pavshikh Bortsov square, Volgograd, Russia), email@example.com
Zhura Victoria Valentinovna, Doctor of philological sciences, associate professor, head of sub-department of foreign languages with a course of Latin, Volgograd State Medical University (1 Pavshikh Bortsov square, Volgograd, Russia), firstname.lastname@example.org
Background. The person-centered approach in linguistics manifests itself in people’s willingness to compare everything they perceive with the ‘self’, thus endowing the perceived objects with human characteristics. As a result, semantic transformations can occur. The language has some word classes, which are based on the similarities of the human body. These word classes hold great potential of becoming body metaphors. The purpose of the article is to analyze metaphors based on the similarities of body and flesh to disclose the mechanism of modeling the metaphorical meaning.
Materials and methods. We used a variety of texts representing medical, colloquial, artistic, religious and media discourses to identify metaphorically used words based on the similarities of body and flesh. We analyzed the definitions of body and flesh in thesauruses, explanatory and proverb dictionaries. We performed an interpretative analysis to identify the principal semantic components of body and flesh. Also, we carried out a contextual and statistical analysis.
Results. We have studied the features of metaphorization in communication practices and highlighted the basic concepts of corporeal culture. The article describes body metaphors based on the similarities of body and flesh and points out that the sources of metaphorization of the main concepts of corporeality are their basic meanings, which have several possible interpretations.
Conclusions. The study of metaphorization based on the transfer of the meaning components will provide better understanding of objective cognition, classification and categorization of the world.
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